Indian Journal of Community Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 641--644

Community-based interventional study for tobacco cessation in urban slums of Ahmedabad City: A cluster-randomized trial


Anjali Mall1, Sheetal Vyas2 
1 Department of Community Medicine, Grant Government Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anjali Mall
Customs Colony, Bungalow No. 4, 1st Floor, Opposite Five Gardens Open Gym, Matunga East, Mumbai - 400 019, Maharashtra
India

Background: Tobacco is one of the most important preventable causes of death and a leading public health problem all over the world. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of community-based intervention for tobacco cessation in urban slums of Ahmedabad city. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 slums (10 slums each) in the intervention and control group were randomly selected through the process of randomization. A total of 200 participants each in the intervention and control group were studied through a cluster-randomized trial. Results: The outcome of the community-based tobacco intervention measured after 6 months depicted that the odds ratio (OR) of the prevalence of tobacco abstinence, quit rate, and reduction of more than 50% of tobacco use was significantly higher (30.37 times, 2.84 times, and 2.19 times respectively more) in the intervention as compared to the control group. However, after 1 year of the first and immediately after the second intervention, the OR of tobacco point prevalence abstinence, quit rate, and reduction of more than 50% was more pronounced (5.11 times, 3.52 times, and 4.31 times, respectively, more) in the intervention group than the control group. Post intervention, it was also observed that there was a significant increase in the average quit attempt. Conclusion: The community-based intervention was very effective in reducing the consumption of tobacco in urban slums in any form. As per the study findings, there is a wide possibility for the integration of tobacco cessation activity into the health program.


How to cite this article:
Mall A, Vyas S. Community-based interventional study for tobacco cessation in urban slums of Ahmedabad City: A cluster-randomized trial.Indian J Community Med 2021;46:641-644


How to cite this URL:
Mall A, Vyas S. Community-based interventional study for tobacco cessation in urban slums of Ahmedabad City: A cluster-randomized trial. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 May 21 ];46:641-644
Available from: https://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2021;volume=46;issue=4;spage=641;epage=644;aulast=Mall;type=0