Indian Journal of Community Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 614--617

Correlates of visuospatial ability among older people in Indonesia


The Maria Meiwati Widagdo1, Novia Bella Rianto1, Restyandito2, Erick Kurniawan2 
1 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Information Technology, Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. The Maria Meiwati Widagdo
Jl. Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo 5-25, Yogyakarta 55224
Indonesia

Introduction: The Indonesian elderly population keeps increasing. Aging is related with degeneration process, one of which is a decrease in cognitive function, including visuospatial ability. This is the first study on the visuospatial ability of Indonesian older people. Objective: This research aimed to assess the visuospatial ability and its correlation with sex, age, education, and general cognitive function among older people in Indonesia. Subjects and Methods: The research subjects were older people aged ≥60 years with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ≥24. The visuospatial ability was assessed using Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) Block Design Test (BDT). Regression analysis was performed to reveal the correlation of sex, age, education, and global cognitive function with visuospatial ability. Results: Sixty older people participated in this research, with an average age of 68.08 ± 6.24, mean MMSE score of 27.43 ± 1.71, and mean WAIS-R BDT score of 27.8 ± 7.27. The female and older individuals tended to have lower scores. Subjects with higher education and global cognitive function had higher WAIS-R BDT scores. Regression analysis showed that age and sex did not have significant effect, but education and global cognitive function had positive effect on visuospatial ability. Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between education and global cognitive function with visuospatial ability among older people in Indonesia.


How to cite this article:
Widagdo TM, Rianto NB, Restyandito, Kurniawan E. Correlates of visuospatial ability among older people in Indonesia.Indian J Community Med 2021;46:614-617


How to cite this URL:
Widagdo TM, Rianto NB, Restyandito, Kurniawan E. Correlates of visuospatial ability among older people in Indonesia. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 May 25 ];46:614-617
Available from: https://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2021;volume=46;issue=4;spage=614;epage=617;aulast=Widagdo;type=0