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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 614-617
Correlates of visuospatial ability among older people in Indonesia


1 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Information Technology, Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. The Maria Meiwati Widagdo
Jl. Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo 5-25, Yogyakarta 55224
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_526_20

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Introduction: The Indonesian elderly population keeps increasing. Aging is related with degeneration process, one of which is a decrease in cognitive function, including visuospatial ability. This is the first study on the visuospatial ability of Indonesian older people. Objective: This research aimed to assess the visuospatial ability and its correlation with sex, age, education, and general cognitive function among older people in Indonesia. Subjects and Methods: The research subjects were older people aged ≥60 years with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ≥24. The visuospatial ability was assessed using Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) Block Design Test (BDT). Regression analysis was performed to reveal the correlation of sex, age, education, and global cognitive function with visuospatial ability. Results: Sixty older people participated in this research, with an average age of 68.08 ± 6.24, mean MMSE score of 27.43 ± 1.71, and mean WAIS-R BDT score of 27.8 ± 7.27. The female and older individuals tended to have lower scores. Subjects with higher education and global cognitive function had higher WAIS-R BDT scores. Regression analysis showed that age and sex did not have significant effect, but education and global cognitive function had positive effect on visuospatial ability. Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between education and global cognitive function with visuospatial ability among older people in Indonesia.


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