HomeAboutusEditorial BoardCurrent issuearchivesSearch articlesInstructions for authorsSubscription detailsAdvertise

  Login  | Users online: 865

   Ahead of print articles    Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size  

SHORT COMMUNICATION Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 554-558
Determinants of nutritional status among under-five children in the tribal population of The Nilgiris, Southern India: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Community Health, Association for Health Welfare in The Nilgiris, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, JIPMER International School of Public Health, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Roshina Sunny
Department of Community Health, Association for Health Welfare in The Nilgiris, Kothervayal, Gudalur 643 212, Tamil Nadu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_118_21

Rights and Permissions

Background: The tribal populations in The Nilgiris of Tamil Nadu are identified as particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) and are “high risk” in terms of health and nutrition. Objectives: The objective of the study is, among the under-five tribal children, to determine the prevalence of undernutrition and the factors associated with it. Materials and Methods: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted between March and June 2019 among 605 under-five tribal children. The prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting was expressed as proportion; the association with determinants was assessed using log-binomial regression model. Results: The prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting was 63% (95% confidence interval [CI] 57–70), 62% (95% CI 54–70), and 31% (95% CI 24–38), respectively. Among them, 29%, 35%, and 10% were severely underweight, stunted, and wasted, respectively. Among 605 participants, 80% utilized supplementary nutrition program of the Integrated Child Development Services; only 21% of whom utilized it as per the ICDS recommended quantities prescribed for different category of beneficiaries. Male child, age >2 years, and illiteracy of father were significantly associated with underweight. Age >2 years and illiteracy of mother were significantly associated with stunting. Male child and low family income were significantly associated with wasting. Conclusion: Nearly three out of four children in the community were undernourished. Poverty alleviation programs are required to combat undernutrition among backward communities.

Print this article  Email this article

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
  Related articles
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded31    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


  Sitemap | What's New | Feedback | Copyright and Disclaimer
  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007