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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 503-507
Medication adherence to oral hypoglycemic drugs among individuals with Type 2 diabetes mellitus – A community study

1 Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Unit of Health Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Tampere University, Finland
3 Department of Health Services, FHC Kumaramputhur, Palakkad, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajalakshmy Aiyappan
Assistant Surgeon, Department of Health Services, FHC Kumaramputhur, Palakkad District, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_985_20

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Context: Control of diabetes mellitus is a global challenge and nonadherence to diabetic medications is a public health concern. Factors related to patients, medications, and system can contribute to nonadherence. Aims: We aimed to determine self-reported adherence to oral hypoglycemics and to understand the determinants of medication adherence in a group of adult diabetics in South Kerala. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 218 diabetic individuals. An eight-item questionnaire to assess the level of adherence and a structured interview schedule were administered to meet the objectives. Adherence was categorized as poor, moderate and high, based on k-means cluster analysis. Results: The proportion of good adherence was 60.09%. Higher age, male gender, nonalcoholic, higher family income, higher frequency of blood glucose monitoring, and controlled blood sugar level were independent predictors of good adherence. Conclusion: The proportion of individuals with poor medication adherence is low. Focus must be on determining factors influencing medication nonadherence.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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