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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 484-488
Hypovitaminosis D, dyslipidemia, and thyroid dysfunction among adolescents and their associations with blood pressure in a Northeastern City of India

1 Department of Microbiology, Agartala Government Medical College, Agartala, Tripura, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Agartala Government Medical College, Agartala, Tripura, India
3 Department of Multidisciplinary Research Unit, Agartala Government Medical College, Agartala, Tripura, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Himadri Bhattacharjya
Department of Community Medicine, Agartala Government Medical College, P. O. Kunjavan, Agartala - 799 006, Tripura
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_907_20

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Background: Blood pressure (BP) is associated with serum levels of Vitamin D3, lipid profile, and thyroid hormones among adults. However, limited information is available regarding such associations in adolescents. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of Vitamin D3 deficiency, dyslipidemia, and thyroid dysfunction among secondary school students of Agartala and to determine their associations with BP. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted from April 1, 2018, to December 31, 2018, among 1000 secondary-level school students of Agartala municipal corporation area, chosen by multistage sampling ensuring proportionate representation. Results: The prevalence of Vitamin D3 deficiency, thyroid dysfunction, and dyslipidemia was found to be 79.4%, 62.8%, and 37.5%, respectively. Among the respondents, 58.1% had raised BP, 16.7% were overweight, 5.3% were obese, and 48.3% had high waist–hip ratio (WHR). Among them, 70.97% of the fatty participants, 82.27% with high body mass index (BMI), and 69.05% with either low or normal WHR had significantly raised BP (P < 0.05). Out of total, 58.26% of the participants with normal serum D3 level, 59.95% with either euthyroid or hyperthyroid status, and 62.13% with dyslipidemia had raised BP, though these were not significant (P > 0.05). Binary logistic regression model has identified higher BMI, higher body fat content, high WHR, habit of consuming extra salt, and fast food on a regular basis as significant determinants of raised BP in this population (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Hypovitaminosis D, thyroid dysfunction, and dyslipidemia are prevalent among adolescents of Northeast India, but they did not emerge as significant determinants of BP in this population.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007