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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 474-478
Risk factors for colorectal cancer in Goa, India: A Hospital-based Case–Control study


1 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, India
2 Medical Officer, Directorate of Health Services, Goa, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Agnelo Menino Ferreira
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Goa Medical College, Bambolim - 403 202, Goa
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_848_20

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Introduction: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and the second in women worldwide. The objective of the present study was to determine and quantify important modifiable risk factors attributable to colorectal cancer, in order to explore the ways to reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer in this region. Materials and Methods: A case–control study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in Goa, India. The study subjects were group matched for age and sex so as to include 110 cases and 110 controls. Only incident cases of colorectal cancer were recruited in the study. Predesigned structured questionnaire was utilized for data collection, while anthropometric measurements and laboratory investigations were conducted. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS software package. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of the institute. Informed written consent was obtained from the study participants. Results: Smoking, smokeless tobacco use, alcohol consumption, red meat consumption, high body mass index (BMI), and the presence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus were found to be the risk factors for colorectal cancer on univariate analysis, while fruit and vegetable consumption were found to be the protective factors. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified Type 2 diabetes mellitus and high BMI as risk factors for colorectal cancer and consumption of fruits and vegetables as protective factors. Conclusion: Identification of risk factors for colorectal cancer would help in setting of colorectal cancer screening guidelines as well as for creating awareness regarding prevention of colorectal cancer among the general population.


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