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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 450-453
Assessment of preventable risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among junior college students: A cross-sectional study


Department of Community Medicine, Seth G.S Medical College and K.E.M Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ruhi Dass
Flat no. 601, Nanik Ashthavinayak Bhakti-2, Gorewada, Ring Road, Near KRC Lawn, Nagpur - 440 013, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_682_20

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Context: Lifestyle-associated risk factors may begin during childhood and result into cardiovascular diseases in adult life. Thus, a study was conducted among junior college students to assess these preventable risk factors among them. Aims: To estimate (1) Prevalence of risk factors namely physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary habits, tobacco, and alcohol use among them and (2) The proportion of hypertension. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was done among 416 11th and 12th standard students from a school of a metropolitan city. Subjects and Methods: Two steps were conducted. Step 1 included an interview schedule and Step 2 involved anthropometry, pulse, and blood pressure of all the participants. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 21. Chi-square test was applied. Results: The prevalence of tobacco and alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy dietary habits were 5.5%, 5%, 74.5%, and 52.1%, respectively. The prevalence of overweight students was 13.9%. The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was 26.9% and 12.7%, respectively. Conclusions: It was concluded that these risk factors namely, physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary habits, tobacco, and alcohol consumption commence during adolescence.


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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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