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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 438-441
Prevalence of severe depression among adolescents in rural area of Odisha, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, Fakir Mohan Medical College and Hospital, Balasore, India
2 Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Kings George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Psychology, Nayagarh Autonomous College, Nayagarh, Odisha, India
4 MBBS Student, Fakir Mohan Medical College and Hospital, Balasore, India
5 Department of Community Medicine and Biostatistics, GIMSR, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mallicka
Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, King's George Medical University Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_570_20

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Background: In adolescents, major depression is projected to rank the second most cause of human illness by the year 2022. Unfortunately, half of the depressed adolescents go undiagnosed in primary care settings. Objectives: The objective is to estimate the prevalence of severe depression among rural adolescents and also to identify few epidemiological determinants causing severe depression. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study included 341 adolescents from a selected village of Balasore, Odisha. Materials and Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire, and “Beck's Depression Inventory II” questionnaire for screening depression. Results: Only 24 (7%) of adolescents were found to be having severe depression. The subcategories of depression showed mild mood disturbance in 8.8%, borderline depression in 15.2%, and moderate depression in 12% individuals. Almost 267 (78.2%) were between 15 and 19 years of age. The mean age (standard deviation) of the participants was 16 ± 1.9 years. Majority of the participants belonged to joint family and lower middle-class status as per the Modified Kuppuswamy Scale. Conclusion: Female gender was found to be significantly associated with depression (P = 0.006). Other contributory factors for depression were sleep duration (<6 h), parental fighting, and socioeconomic status.

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