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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 434-437
Prevalence and determinants of adverse pregnancy outcomes among women in India: A secondary data analysis


1 Department of Population Policies and Programmes, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Statistics, MMV, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mukesh Kumar
Department of Statistics, MMV, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_569_20

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Objective: The present study aimed to identify the determinants of adverse pregnancy outcomes (abortion, miscarriage, and stillbirth) among women aged 15–49 years in India. Methodology: Data for the analysis were taken from the latest survey of the National Family Health Survey 2015–2016. The determinants associated with abortion, miscarriage, and stillbirth among women in the age group of 15–49 years were identified. The analysis was done using adjusted binary logistic regression. Results: The contributory variables such as age, level of education, type of residence, wealth status, caste, religion, body mass index (BMI), and anemia level were found to be significantly associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes was significantly associated with all the selected predictors. Conclusion: This study revealed that high prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes was found in India. The association between sociodemographic variables and the pregnancy outcomes are attributed to the fact that there is a lack of availability of fundamental health-care services for young women.


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