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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 425-429
Discriminant function analysis of sleep quality and its determinants among general adult population of Ahmedabad City, Gujarat


1 Department of Statistics, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, GCS Medical College, Ahmedabad, India
3 Department of Statistics, Prin. M. C. Shah Commerce College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, GCS Medical College, Ahmedabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Venu Tejas Shah
Department of Community Medicine, GCS Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_533_20

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Background: Poor sleep quality harms the ability to think, lowers stress, and sustains a healthy immune system. The present study assessed sleep quality and its determinants in adult population using discriminant function analysis (DFA) in Ahmedabad city, Gujarat. Objectives: The objective of the study was (1) to assess the quality of sleep using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and (2) to determine various parameters affecting sleep quality using DFA. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the general adult population (18–60 years) residing at Ahmedabad city during July–December 2019. The interviewers conducted house-to-house visit among selected households for filling up the predesigned and pretested questionnaire. Results: Out of 600 participants, the mean age of participants was 37.8 ± 18.3 years. As per PSQI, overall sleep quality was poor among 31% of participants. Sleep quality was significantly associated with gender, education, occupation, social class, body mass index, Internet addiction, depression, and spirituality. Conclusion: Overall sleep quality was poor among the study participants. This article considered analysis of determinants of sleep quality among the urban adult population.


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