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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 421-424
A review of maternal near miss cases in selected Hospitals in North-East India


1 Department of Community Medicine, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, RIMS, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Brogen Singh Akoijam
Department of Community Medicine, RIMS, Imphal - 795 004, Manipur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_476_20

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Background: The major causes of maternal near miss (MNM) and maternal death (MD) are similar, so review of MNM cases is likely to yield valuable information regarding severe morbidity, which, if untreated may lead to maternal mortality. Objectives: The objective is to determine frequency of near miss cases and identify the risk factors associated with MNM. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done from June 2015 to October 2017 in three hospitals in Manipur and Nagaland. All cases of MNM, which occurred during this period, were included and were reviewed using their records. Family members and health care providers of 9 recent cases were interviewed. Data collected were coded and relevant themes were identified. Results: There were 32,110 deliveries, 147 near miss cases and 12 MDs, resulting in maternal mortality ratio of 38/100,000 live birth (LB), severe maternal outcome ratio of 5/1000 LB and MNM ratio of 4.6/1000 LB. MNM to mortality ratio was 12.2:1 and mortality index was 7.5%. 83% of the cases of MNM were pregnancy related while 15.6% were related to preexisting disorders. The three delays remain the decisive factors in maternal mortality. Conclusion: Most of the near miss cases experienced delay in decision to seek health care, which resulted from underestimating the severity of various pregnancy-related conditions. Poor knowledge of the risk of warning signs of pregnancy plays a major part in the delay of management.


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