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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 501-505
Effect of intimate partner violence on maternal and birth outcomes of pregnancy among antenatal clinic attendees in Delhi: A prospective observational study

Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ruchir Rustagi
Flat No. A-402, Maurya Apartments, Plot No. 95, I. P. Extension, Patparganj, East Delhi, New Delhi - 110 092
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_538_19

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Context: Violence against women is a major public health problem and a violation of their human rights. Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy has been linked to various adverse maternal health outcomes and birth outcomes. Aims: The aim of this study is to assess the magnitude of maternal complications and adverse birth outcomes in relation to IPV. Settings and Design: Prospective observational study was conducted from April 2015 to May 2018 in the antenatal clinic of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Delhi. Subjects and Methods: Sample of 1500 pregnant women (≤20 weeks gestation) were recruited and followed up at regular intervals, up to the birth outcome. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 25. Value of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Prevalence of IPV at baseline was 29.7%. Significantly higher proportion of IPV victims (47.2%) had poor weight gain during the pregnancy. Subjects reporting violence at any of the study contacts had a higher incidence of preterm delivery (12.7%), and a significantly higher incidence of low birth weight in the newborns (32.1% vs 22.3%) (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The findings reveal that IPV during pregnancy is common and significantly associated with adverse maternal and birth outcomes. The findings stress need for research and development of a screening tool to identify violence early in pregnancy and thus prevent its consequences.

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