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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 454-457
Impact of community defluoridation on a village endemic for hydric fluorosis in rural Karnataka, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Biostatistics, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arjunan Isaac
Department of Community Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_489_19

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Introduction: Excessive intake of fluorides can lead to the development of fluorosis, a serious public health issue in India. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of community defluoridation in preventing fluorosis in Kaiwara village. Methodology: This community interventional trial was conducted in Kaiwara village, Karnataka, after obtaining ethical clearance. The study included 903 participants; preintervention data were collected by recording the required parameters. The postinterventional study was carried out 2 years after installing the reverse osmosis plant. Data from pre- and post-intervention study were compared. Results: Dean's index showed no significant change in the pre- and post-intervention period for its various categories (P = 0.543). However, the mean urine fluoride levels were found to be decreased significantly (Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test, P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study demonstrates the importance of providing defluorinated water to the village population as a potential solution for fluorosis.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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