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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 169-174
Nutritional status of under 5 children belonging to tribal population living in riverine (Char) areas of Dibrugarh district, Assam

Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Safikul Islam
Abdul Kader Ali, Vill- Doturi, Post Box-Bijni, Chirang, Assam - 786 002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.137155

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Context: Assam's main lifeline, the Brahmaputra river, braided nature created numerous sand bars and islands known as chars/sapories. They are home to more than 3 million people. Over 90% of the cultivated land on the river islands is flood-prone; the flood leaves the islands completely separated from mainland, preventing access to health infrastructure and services. Aims: To assess the nutritional status of under 5 children residing in the char areas of Dibrugarh district and to identify the factors influencing their nutritional status. Settings and Design: A community-based cross-sectional study conducted in the riverine areas of Dibrugarh district of Assam. Materials and Methods: Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometry. Undernutrition was classified using World Health Organization (WHO) recommended Z- score system. Data collection was done by house to house visit of all chars using proportionate allocation. Statistical Analysis Used: Rates, ratios, proportions, and chi-square test. Results: Overall prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting was 29%, 30.4%, and 21.6%, respectively. Prevalence of underweight and stunting was less than the prevalence of underweight (36.4%) and stunting (46.5%) in Assam, but the prevalence of wasting was more than that of Assam (13.7%) as observed in National Family Health Survey-3. Significant association was observed between the prevalence of undernutrition and socioeconomic status, literacy status of parents, infant, and young child feeding practices and size of the family (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Special focus is needed for nutritional improvement of under 5 living in char areas to prevent preventable morbidities and to achieve optimum development.

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