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Hepatitis B Endemicity in Some Parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India


 Division of Virology, Regional Medical Research Centre, Northeast Region, Indian Council of Medical Research, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Dipankar Biswas,
Division of Virology, Regional Medical Research Centre, Northeast Region, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Post Box - 105, Lahoal, Dibrugarh - 786 001, Assam
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

 

   Abstract 

Background: With an average carrier rate of 3.78%, India belongs to the intermediate range of hepatitis B (HBV) endemicity. Among the seven northeastern states of India, high prevalence of HBV has been reported in Arunachal Pradesh in few studies. However, the detailed information on HBV status in different parts of the state is lacking due to limited studies. The present work reports the results of survey for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) conducted in some unrepresented parts of Arunachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: People of all ages were recruited by organizing mass hepatitis B screening camp at designated places in Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern states, from June 2012 to September 2013. The screening was based on detection of hepatitis B surface antigen in patient's sera by rapid immunochromatography technique, followed by enzyme immunoassay. Results: The overall HBsAg prevalence was 4.4% (60/1355), which ranged from 2.6% (13/494) 4% (10/247) and 7% (9/129) in East Siang, Tirap, and Papumpare district, respectively to 8.9% (29/325) in Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh. The major genotypes detected were C, D, and I. Conclusion: Hepatitis B is endemic to different parts of Arunachal Pradesh which demands immediate state-wide surveillance for identification and control of the disease.


Keywords: Arunachal Pradesh, genotype, HBsAg, hepatitis B, northeast India



How to cite this URL:
Yadav K, Biswas D, Baruah P, Borkakoty B, Mahanta J. Hepatitis B Endemicity in Some Parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India . Indian J Community Med [Epub ahead of print] [cited 2017 Mar 23]. Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/preprintarticle.asp?id=173502


The Article has been Retracted by the Publisher as it was published online accidently due to an administrative error.








 

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007